10 signs of menopause


During menopause, a gradual cessation of the reproductive function of the female body occurs. There is a decrease in estrogen production, an irreversible regression of the ovaries, uterus and other genital organs.

There is no clear date for the onset of menopause. It all depends on the individual characteristics of the woman’s body. The change usually occurs at the age of 45 years and older. In some women, hormonal changes in the body with climacteric changes happen almost imperceptibly, while others experience many unpleasant menopause symptoms.

The following stages of menopause are distinguished:

  • perimenopause – a woman’s ability to conceive decreases, menstruation becomes irregular, this phase continues until the last menstruation;

  • menopause – occurs a year after the last menstruation;

  • postmenopause – lasts up to 65-69 years. There is no menstruation, the work of female reproductive organs is completely stopped, because of which a woman loses the ability to conceive children.

It is established that the age of the onset of symptoms of menopause may depend on the following factors:

  • heredity;

  • concomitant and chronic diseases;

  • psychological factors;

  • living conditions of a woman.

In recent years, signs of menopause in women more often manifest too early, up to 40 years. The causes of early climacteric changes may be:

  • bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse);

  • lack of regular sex life;

  • obesity;

  • promiscuous sex life;

  • frequent abortions;

  • constant stress, violations of the regimen of work and rest;

  • fasting, constant sitting on strict diets;

  • chronic gynecological diseases;

  • autoimmune and endocrine diseases.

Symptoms of menopause

What are the symptoms of menopause:

  1. Insomnia.

  2. Depression.

  3. Shortness of breath and lack of air.

  4. Strong heartbeat and pain in the heart area.

  5. Headaches and dizziness.

  6. Sweating.

  7. A change of posture and osteoporosis.

  8. Dry eyes and skin.

  9. Frequent urination.

  10. Frequent mood swings.

Prevention of symptoms of menopause

As has been mentioned earlier, menopause, as it is, cannot be prevented, but its onset can be slowed down. The main preventive measures for early menopause and first signs of menopause are:

  • proper nutrition;

  • rejection of bad habits;

  • avoidance of stress and other psycho-emotional disorders;

  • timely treatment of diseases of the reproductive system, preventing their transition to the chronic stage;

  • refusal of rigid diets;

  • normalization of work and rest regimen;

  • refusal of a sedentary lifestyle – walks in the fresh air, physical activity;

  • refusal of excessive physical exertion;

  • compliance with the rules of intimate hygiene;

  • weight control, preventing the development of obesity;

  • refusal of uncontrolled intake of oral contraceptives and other drugs;

  • refusal of promiscuous sex life;

  • the use of barrier contraception during intercourse;

  • avoidance of abortion;

  • regular rehabilitation of foci of chronic infection in the body;

  • avoidance of frequent exposure of the body to high temperatures (saunas, baths, prolonged stay in the solarium, and on the beach);

  • compliance with the drinking regimen – you need to drink at least 1.5-2 liters of fluid per day;

  • refusal to wear tight underwear made of synthetic fabrics.

Adjustment to a new period in life

Lifestyle changes are an important and effective way to lessen symptoms of menopause support women in this difficult period.

  • First of all, it is necessary to abandon bad habits such as smoking and alcohol abuse.

  • It is important to monitor weight and blood pressure. You can keep a diary where you should record blood pressure, weight and other important facts.

  • Do not neglect the regular examinations of doctors: therapist, gynecologist, and mammalogist once a year. Optometrist, psychiatrist and other specialists have to be consulted according to indications (if necessary).

  • Of great importance is a balanced diet.

  • Physical activity will make it easier to rebuild, facilitate the manifestations of menopause symptoms and allow you to control weight.

What is extremely necessary to do is not to panic and get down, everything will be fine.

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