The American Western TV series – The Virginian – was television’s first 90-minute series, including commercials. It is also known as The Men from Shiloh. Its nine seasons with 249 episodes were aired from 1962 to 1971 by a national broadcasting company. It was originally based on The Virginian – The Horseman of the Plains, a novel written by Owen Wister in 1902.
This was the first true western fictional novel written by anyone and was based on the life of a cowboy on a cattle ranch. The main theme of the series was composed by a Canadian bandleader and composer, Percy Faith.
To see the audience’s reaction to the series, The Virginian was first started as a part of a series Decision and some other series. After a positive response from the audience, it was started as a separate TV series. Its main character was a tough foreman of Shiloh Ranch, a Virginian, and this role was played by James Drury. The Ranch was named Shiloh Ranch after the Battle of Shiloh, a two-day American Civil War
Who was Virginian?
source:NBC Television, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
The Virginian is a mystery man who speaks very few words and never reveals his real name. Although his past is unknown, he lives a life of honor. He is famous for his loyalty, bravery, honesty, hard work, and justice. The Virginian is hired as a foreman at the ranch of Shiloh by Judge Henry as manager and accountant.
The Judge himself invited him for that post. He then took his moral values more seriously, and the whole series was focused on the foreman’s hunt to maintain an orderly arrangement and lifestyle at the Ranch. The foreman is equally respected by the people of the town and cowboys of the Ranch.
The Main Plot of The Virginian
The television series “The Virginian” ran from 1962 to 1971 and is considered a classic of the Western genre. The series was adapted from the bestselling historical novel of Owen Wister, first released in 1902. The show follows the exploits of James Drury’s character, “The Virginian,” a ranch supervisor.
In the Wyoming Territory of the 1870s, a young cowboy known simply as the Virginian plays a pivotal role in taming the area, defeating the biggest criminals, and winning the heart of a strong-willed woman. The Virginian works on the Shiloh Ranch in the made-up town of Medicine Bow, Wyoming, in the late 1800s. Cattle rustling, banditry, and disputes with neighboring ranches are just a few of the many problems that The Virginian and his team face in each episode.
The story follows The Virginian as he deals with his tumultuous relationships with Judge Henry Garth (Lee J. Cobb), his boss, and Molly Wood, a wealthy rancher’s daughter (played by several other actresses). As The Virginian works to defend the law and protect the interests of his employer and fellow ranch hands, the show also examines themes of honor, loyalty, and justice.
Overall, “The Virginian” is a beloved American television classic because it is a classic Western series that successfully balances action, drama, and romance. In The Virginian, the American cowboy is portrayed as a noble figure possessing formidable abilities and an unwavering moral compass. Images of seedy frontier towns populated by rough-hewn pioneers, sprawling ranches buzzing with hard work, raucous camaraderie, and breathtaking scenery fill the narrative. Many Western-themed works of literature, theater, film, visual art, and songs have been influenced by the book’s archetypes.
About the Cast of the Series
Several changes were made in the cast throughout the series, but the role of Virginian played by James Drury and Trampas played by Doug McClure remains constant throughout the show. Lee J. Cobb played the role of Judge Henry, owner of the Ranch.
Another important character is Betsy, played by Roberta Shore – she is the daughter of Ranch’s owner and lives with him. Randy Boone joined the cast in the second season as Randy Benton. He is a young cowboy at the Ranch who used to play guitar and sang duets with the daughter of Ranch’s owner.
Trampas was exactly the opposite to the Virginian; while Virginian was a serious and responsible person, Trampas had a fun-loving and chill nature. He often got entangled in some outrageous situation. Before joining the Ranch, he was involved in gambling and was in trouble with the law and forces. After meeting the Virginian and Judge Garth, he realizes his mistakes, but his personality remains the same as early.
The Characters of The Virginian
The success of the Western Classic Virginian was attributable to its talented characters; here are some of its notable characters. However, these primary cast members were joined by a revolving cast of guest performers, some well-known actors such as Robert Redford, Lee Majors, and Charles Bronson.
1. The Virginian – James Drury stars as The Virginian, the foreman of the Shiloh Ranch in Medicine Bow, Wyoming, and the show’s protagonist. He is a guy of few words, but his deeds spoke much louder than anything he could say; he is a skilled ranch hand with a strong sense of honor and fairness. James Drury performed the character of the stoic and dignified foreman. When protecting the ranch and its livestock from rustlers, resolving disputes among the cowboys, or upholding the law in Medicine Bow, the Virginian was a skilled and respected cowboy who took his responsibilities seriously. He has strong moral convictions; he would always do the right thing regardless of whether it pleased his boss or endangered his life.
Furthermore, the Virginian was known for his rugged demeanor, yet his heart belonged to the vulnerable, especially women and children. He had a reputation for being patient and considerate with kids, and he frequently went out of his way to help them. The Virginian has become an iconic figure in Westerns, largely thanks to Drury’s performance.
2. Judge Henry Gareth – The owner of Shiloh Ranch and The Virginian’s boss is Judge Henry Garth, who is portrayed on the show by Lee J. Cobb. He is a single parent to his daughter, Betsy, and is a widower. He is an intelligent and well-respected man who frequently acts as a mediator in disagreements that arise between his ranch and ranches in the surrounding area. He was a man who was both strict and fair, and he had a profound concern for the people of Medicine Bow and his staff. Before taking on the part of Judge Garth, Cobb was already a well-known actor who had acted in films such as “12 Angry Men” and “On the Waterfront” in the past.
In the courtroom, Garth was respected for his sage advice and impartiality. He frequently acted as a mediator between local ranchers and farmers, and his rulings were generally accepted. His status as a judge made him a target for people who disapproved of his decisions. He was occasionally the object of physical assault or death threats. On the entire TV series, Judge Henry Garth was a multifaceted and admirable person who cared deeply for his community and the administration of justice. Garth became one of the most popular Western TV characters thanks to Lee J. Cobb’s portrayal of the character.
3. Trampas – Trampas is The Virginian’s best friend and a fellow ranch hand. Doug McClure portrays Trampas in this production. He enjoys gambling and has a reputation for being a ladies’ man. McClure served in this capacity for a total of eight seasons. He was famous for his wit, charisma, and enjoyment of exciting new experiences. Because of how he portrayed Trampas, McClure quickly became a fan favorite, contributing to the show’s success.
4. Steve Hill – Cowboy Steve Hill, played by Gary Clarke, is a new employee at the Shiloh Ranch who arrives in the middle of the second season. His history is shrouded in mystery, and he has a propensity for getting into scrapes. He had been a Confederate soldier and had a rough past but was attempting to make a fresh start. The addition of Clarke’s character gave the show a new dynamic, which aided in keeping the show current in its later years. Clarke appeared in the front for a total of two seasons.
5. Betsy Garth – Betsy Garth is Judge Garth’s daughter and a romantic interest for The Virginian and Steve Hill. Roberta Shore plays Betsy. She has a generous nature and maintains her autonomy. She was a young woman with a lot of spirit and intelligence but frequently put herself in dangerous circumstances. Before joining the cast of “The Virginian,” the gifted actress Shore had a previous role in Disney’s “The Shaggy Dog.” After that, she was cast in “The Virginian.” Shore had this role throughout the show’s first four seasons.
6. Randy Benton – Young ranch hand Randy Benton, played by Randy Boone, first appears in the fifth season of “The Shiloh Ranch” and is hired by the Shiloh Ranch. Young cowboy Randy Benton was the nephew of Shiloh Ranch owner Judge Garth. Randy was portrayed in the series as compassionate and just with deep empathy. His loyalty to his uncle sometimes conflicted with his friendships with The Virginian and Trampas. Randy had a knack for taming wild horses and was a superb horseman. Randy was wrongfully accused of a crime in one episode, entangled in a rivalry between two families, and forced to confront his difficulties, like his sexual relationships and troubled background, throughout the show.
The character of Randy Benton was a welcome addition to the show and a critical factor in its continued success in its latter years. His character’s ups and downs reflected Western society’s development, and his interactions with the other characters enriched the drama.
7. Ryker – Ryker is a stern and just deputy sheriff who frequently encounters The Virginian and the other characters in the show. Clu Gulager portrays Ryker on the show for a total of five seasons. His ranch competes with the Shiloh Ranch, making him the show’s protagonist. Ryker is notorious for his cunningness and ruthlessness, and The Virginian and his colleagues are no exception. Ryker is a multifaceted character despite his hostile stance. He used to be a gunfighter but has given up violence instead of honest work. However, his history keeps haunting him, and he must resort to violence to safeguard his interests. Ryker and The Virginian have difficult and even hostile conversations. Although they admire one another’s skills and work ethic, they can’t be friends due to their divergent goals. Clu Gulager’s portrayal of Ryker is praised as one of the series’ best moments because of the added drama and tension he brings to the show.
Shiloh Ranch and its Owner
Judge Garth was the owner of the Shiloh Ranch for almost four seasons. He had a tough, harsh, and uncompromising personality outside but was very affectionate from inside. He is a father-like figure for the Virginian and Trampas.
All his employees and the citizens of the Medicine Bow have huge respect for him; they all value his opinion and most often seek his opinion for matters that they cannot settle down. The role was beautifully played by Lee J. Cobb and he left the series at the end of the fourth season. It was shown that he had left the Shiloh to become governor of Wyoming.
Roberta Shore played the role of Betsy, the only daughter of the Ranch’s owner. Although it is shown that she was adopted by Judge, he never treated her like a stepdaughter. The cowboys at the Ranch and Betsy shared a brother-sister bond.
Two cowboys, Trampas and Steve, were shown to have a soft corner for her in their hearts. They are often shown doing some stunts to protect her. She was fifteen years old at the start of the series and married to a minister in the fourth season. After that, she moved to Pennsylvania and left the show.
Steve Hill was another important character, played by Gary Clarke. He is one of the cowboys at the Shiloh Ranch. After being booted off from a train for not having the ticket, he came to Ranch’s owner Judge Garth for the job. Seeing him in need, the Judge hires him as a cowboy at the Shiloh Ranch. He becomes a good friend of both the Virginian and the Trampas. Whenever Trampas gets into any trouble, he always comes to rescue him.
Gary Clarke and Doug McClure not only had great on-screen chemistry, but their off-screen friendship was also very famous. He was a regular part of the series till season two; after that, he only appeared as a guest.
Other characters include Stacey Grainger, Elizabeth Grainger, Clay Grainger, and John Grainger. John Grainger’s role played by Charles Bickford was of a loving grandfather of two grandchildren, Elizabeth, played by Sara Lane, and Stacey, played by Don Quine.
Stacey is a good friend of Trampas and works with him at the Ranch. Elizabeth is the younger sister of Stacey, and all the boys, especially Virginian, Trampas, and Stacey, took great care of her. Elizabeth enjoys her teenage to the fullest; she loves riding, horses, and Saturday night dance parties.
Changes in the Production of the Show
In the third season, Clu Gulager, who appeared as a guest in the first two seasons, was added as deputy Emmet Ryker. After three seasons, the executive producer Frank Price left the project and replaced Norman Scarth MacDonnell, an American producer, writer, and director.
Season four was not up to the mark. So, for season five, the producer, Frank Price, was brought back in the game to settle down the things so that the season could do well again. After his return, Frank made some changes in the cast and brought back the family atmosphere in the series.
Although he left again in season six, things had gone smooth after that. The following two seasons were good with enormous changes in the cast where some of the previous characters were replaced with new characters
Location of Shooting
source:NBC Television., Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
The shooting location of the series was mainly California and Los Angeles. Common locations include western streets in the backlot of Universal city, Albertson Movie Ranch, Iverson Movie Ranch, and CBS Studio Centre, which is in Los Angeles.
This top Western show was a mixture of various topics and discussed almost every angle, including injustice, prejudice, compassion, and respect for others in a family-friendly environment. In the last season, not only was the name changed to The Men from Shiloh, but also the series was completely redesigned.
The opening theme song was also changed in the last season, and the show was released with its extended name, The Virginian: Men from Shiloh. All these changes resulted in a better ranking, and the show came in the top-30 primetime shows of that time. The final episode of the show was released on 24 March 1971.