Top Science Discoveries and Inventions of the 90s


Things began to look like today’s world in the ‘90s. Back then you can see people using phones and they had computers in their homes. People were starting to be exposed to sleek, digital products that predicted several of the gadgets we know and use today. The world said goodbye to the VHS player and accepted a new technology called the DVD and said hello to Google where people had the ability to search for almost anything online.

From Nokia’s first mobile cellphone to the creation of, the ‘90s were full of technologies that changed the world. that’s why in this article, we are going to list down the top science discoveries of the ‘90s.

Adobe Photoshop

Adobe Photoshop

Brothers John and Thomas Knoll saw that there are no photo-editing features on computers that’s why they decided to make their own. After years of development that started in the late 1980s, the Knoll brothers pursued inventors and finally caught the attention of Adobe. After Adobe invested, the Knoll brothers got help from their staff and the Photoshop 1.0 was born and introduced in the market in 1990.


A second-year student of the University of Helsinki named Linus Trovalds developed an industry-changing open source operating system named Linux in 1991. He originally intended to build a new operating system for his Intel PC but he ended up creating one of the biggest platforms for different internet companies such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, and Amazon.

Text messaging or SMS

A former developer at Sema Group Telecoms named Neil Papworth successfully send the world’s first text message to a director at Vodafone in 1992. But at that time, mobile phones did not have keyboards that’s why Papworth sent his message using a PC.

Nokia 1011

Even if mobile phones was introduced on the market during the 1980s, it was not until Nokia released their first cellphone in 1994 called the Nokia 1011. It was the first mass-produced GSM phone and since then, it changed the way mobile phones were seen. Because before the release on Nokia 1011, mobile phones were larger and bulkier which makes them hard to carry around.

Sony PlayStation

On December 1994 in Japan, Sony released the first ever PlayStation. The gaming console which was sold for 37,000 yen or 387 dollars quickly rose into popularity. It was even considered as Sony’s most important product next to the Walkman. Sony launched the PlayStation in the United States in September 1995 and it became an instant success.

Nintendo 64

Nintendo launched their game console called Nintendo 64 in June 1996 in Japan. It is the first home gaming console which had an analog stick as its primary control. On September that same year, Nintendo 64 was released in the United States and it became a major breakthrough in the gaming scene because it allowed players to aim with precision and have control like never before.


The DVD or the digital video disk replaced the VHS in the ‘90s. The DVD was developed in 1995 and it was released in the market in 1996. Along with the DVD was the first DVD player which is the Toshiba SD-3000. However, the company or the person responsible in creating the DVD cannot be credited because different version of it were created by different tech firms and they all agreed on one format which avoided the repeat of the VHS and Betamax rivalry.


The Tamagotchi is almost every ‘90s kids first pet and it is a childhood staple back in the day. Tamagotchi was created by Bandai in 1996 and since its release, it became an instant hit with over 40 million units that were sold worldwide. in a way, Tamagotchi taught kids to be responsible, from picking up its poop and playing with their pet.

Larry Page and Sergey Brin met while they were studying at Stanford University. In 1996, Page and Brin were writing a program for a search engine named Backrub. And after their project with Backrub became a success, the two of them registered the domain called in 1997. From there, they developed the world’s largest search engine of all time in their friend’s garage and voila, Google became officially incorporated in September 1998.

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