There are many amusement parks in the United States that have been abandoned. These parks, once brimming with bright lights, thrilling rides, and the joyous sounds of families and friends, now lie in various states of decay and neglect. Each one tells a unique story of economic downturns, shifting entertainment trends, or unforeseen catastrophes that led to their ultimate desertion.
From the rusting skeletons of once-gleaming roller coasters to the overgrown pathways leading to forgotten attractions, these abandoned sites offer a visually striking and emotionally poignant exploration into a bygone era of leisure and wonder. In this article, we are going to delve into the history and heartache of these lost amusement havens. Let us find beauty in their desolation, a sense of nostalgia, and a reflection on the fleeting nature of joy and the relentless march of time.
Six Flags New Orleans, Louisiana
Six Flags New Orleans, formerly known as Jazzland, was an amusement park that opened in 2000. However, it was devastated by Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and has remained closed since. The park was submerged under several feet of floodwater for more than a month, causing extensive damage. Its location in a low-lying area made it particularly vulnerable to flooding and severe weather.
During the time when it was still open and functioning, it featured different areas and rides, including major roller coasters like the “Jester” and “Mega Zeph.” After Hurricane Katrina, the park became a symbol of the destruction it caused, and numerous plans for redevelopment have failed. The eeriness of its abandoned rides and overgrown paths has made it a popular location for urban explorers and photographers. It has also been used as a filming location for movies because of its post-apocalyptic appearance.
Despite different proposals, including transforming it into a shopping mall or an outlet, the site still remains in a state of disrepair. It is a reminder of the long-term impacts of natural disasters on communities and businesses. Discussions about its future continue, but for now, it stands as a haunting memorial to the power of nature.
Lake Shawnee Amusement Park, West Virginia
Lake Shawnee Amusement Park, established in the 1920s, was built on a site with a tragic history, including Native American conflicts and a family massacre. The park was popular in the mid-20th century but was closed in the 1960s following several fatal accidents. It is believed that six deaths occurred at the park, contributing to its closure and alleged haunting.
The park’s most notable feature was a swing ride, where one of the fatal accidents occurred. Since its closure, the park has gained a reputation for being haunted, attracting ghost hunters and paranormal enthusiasts. The site is open for tours, especially during Halloween when its spooky history is a major draw.
The remains of the park, including rusted rides and dilapidated structures, create an eerie atmosphere. The owner has preserved much of the park in its original state, adding to its authenticity as a ghostly site. Lake Shawnee’s unsettling past and present state have been featured in various TV shows and documentaries about haunted places. This abandoned amusement park serves as a chilling reminder of the intertwining of history, tragedy, and leisure in certain locales.
Geauga Lake, Ohio
Geauga Lake, once one of the largest theme parks in Ohio, has a history dating back to 1887, starting as a picnic ground before expanding into a full-fledged amusement park. The park experienced several expansions and ownership changes, including being owned by SeaWorld and Six Flags at different times. Geauga Lake was known for its wide array of roller coasters, water attractions, and a separate SeaWorld section that housed marine life shows.
In 2007, the park was abruptly closed, leading to a sense of shock and loss in the community and among amusement park enthusiasts. The closure was attributed to declining attendance and financial difficulties, exacerbated by competition from other regional parks. Following its closure, many of the rides were sold off or moved to other parks, leaving behind a desolate landscape.
The abandoned site, with its overgrown vegetation and remnants of rides, has become a subject of fascination for urban explorers. The park’s large size and varied history make it a significant case study in the rise and fall of American amusement parks. Efforts to redevelop the site have been slow, with only portions of the land being repurposed. Geauga Lake’s story is a poignant example of the impermanence of entertainment venues and the changing tastes and economies that influence them.
Joyland Amusement Park, Kansas
Joyland Amusement Park, located in Wichita, Kansas, stands as a poignant symbol of the classic American amusement park that once brought joy and excitement to generations of families, only to become a memory of the past. It was established in 1949 by Lester Ottaway and his sons, Herb and Harold, to provide entertainment in the post-World War II era. It quickly became a favorite local destination.
The theme park was home to a variety of attractions, including a wooden roller coaster named the “Joyland Roller Coaster,” a Ferris wheel, a merry-go-round, and other classic carnival rides. The park was also known for its vintage 1949 Allan Herschell carousel and a miniature train that circled the perimeter.
Despite its popularity, Joyland faced challenges in its later years, including increasing maintenance costs and competition from larger, more modern amusement parks. The park initially closed in 2004 but briefly reopened under new management before permanently closing in 2006. The closure marked the end of an era for Wichita and the surrounding community.
After its closure, Joyland suffered from neglect and vandalism. The once-lively park became a canvas for graffiti and a target for theft and vandalism. The abandoned park has attracted urban explorers and photographers, drawn by the eerie beauty of the decaying rides and the park’s atmosphere of a bygone era.
Dogpatch USA, Arkansas
Dogpatch USA, located in Marble Falls, Arkansas, was a unique theme park that captured the imagination and hearts of many during its operation. Its story is a blend of cultural nostalgia, business ambition, and eventual decline, reflecting broader trends in the theme park industry.
The park was inspired by Al Capp’s popular comic strip “Li’l Abner,” set in the fictional village of Dogpatch. It aimed to bring the comic to life, offering an immersive experience in the world of the characters. Dogpatch USA opened in 1968, capitalizing on the popularity of the comic strip and the growing interest in theme parks in the United States.
By the late 1970s and into the 1980s, the popularity of the “Li’l Abner” comic strip waned, impacting the park’s appeal. The park struggled to attract visitors outside of the local region. Dogpatch USA faced financial difficulties and management challenges, leading to a decline in maintenance and investment. The park closed in 1993, unable to sustain its operations amid declining attendance and revenue.
Following its closure, the park was left largely abandoned. The site became overgrown, with many of the structures falling into disrepair. Despite its operational challenges, Dogpatch USA holds a place in the cultural memory of those who visited it. It is remembered for its unique theme and representation of a bygone era in American entertainment. In addition to this amusement park, there are many other abandoned places in Arkansas. If you want to discover more, read our post about the Ghost Towns in Arkansas and Their Stories.
Enchanted Forest, Maryland
The Enchanted Forest in Ellicott City, Maryland, opened in 1955, was one of the early theme parks in the U.S., predating even Disneyland. It was a storybook-themed park featuring attractions based on nursery rhymes and fairy tales. In its early years, the Enchanted Forest was extremely popular, drawing families from across Maryland and neighboring states. The park expanded over the years, adding new attractions and characters from more stories and fables.
With the rise of more modern, ride-focused amusement parks, the Enchanted Forest began to see a decline in attendance. The park faced challenges in updating its facilities and attractions to compete with larger, more technologically advanced amusement parks. The Enchanted Forest officially closed its gates to the public in 1989, marking the end of an era for this storybook-themed park.
After closure, a portion of the park’s land was developed into a shopping center, but many of the original storybook structures were left behind. In the early 2000s, preservation efforts were undertaken to save and restore some of the park’s iconic figures and structures. Many were relocated to Clark’s Elioak Farm, where they were restored and displayed to the public.
Holy Land USA, Connecticut
Holy Land USA, located in Waterbury, Connecticut, was an unusual and unique theme park that once attracted visitors with its biblical-themed attractions. This park, now largely abandoned, offers a distinct chapter in the history of American theme parks.
Holy Land USA was founded in the 1950s by John Baptist Greco, a devout Catholic attorney. He aimed to create a miniature biblical world, a place for visitors to experience and reflect upon the Christian faith. The park featured a variety of replicas and structures inspired by biblical locations and stories. This included a miniature Jerusalem, the Garden of Eden, and representations of various events from the Bible.
In the early 1980s, Greco announced plans to expand and modernize Holy Land USA. However, these plans were never realized, and the park closed in 1984 for renovation, but it never reopened. Greco’s death in 1986 left the future of the park uncertain. Without its founder’s guidance, the park fell into disrepair. Since its closure, Holy Land USA has become an example of an abandoned theme park, with its structures suffering from neglect and vandalism.
The abandoned theme parks across the United States serve as poignant reminders of the ever-changing landscape of entertainment and leisure. These parks, in their prime, were not just places of amusement but symbols of communal experiences and shared memories. They remind us that joy and excitement are as fleeting as they are intense and that today’s bustling attractions may be tomorrow’s silent ruins. The story of these abandoned theme parks is a testament to the cycles of growth and decline that characterize not just the entertainment industry but human endeavors as a whole.