A desinfektionsmittel is a type of chemical or compound that is used to destroy or kill germs and viruses. It does not kill all the microorganisms especially resistant bacterial spores, it is less effective than sterilization, which is a chemical that kills all types of life. Different types of disinfectants are available nowadays. Some of them could be harmful to human health, so one must take precautions while using any type of disinfectant.
Different levels of Desinfektionsmittel
1. Low-level desinfektionsmittel
It means that a desinfektionsmittel that kills all types of vegetative bacteria as well as medium size lipid-containing viruses. They are not much effective on other types of viruses.
2. Intermediate level desinfektionsmittel
This grade of desinfektionsmittel kills all types of microbial pathogens except bacterial endospore. This is more effective in killing most types of bacteria but still lacks in some cases.
3. High-level desinfektionsmittel
This type of desinfektionsmittel is capable of killing all types of bacterial and viruses. This type of desinfektionsmittel is considered as the most strong type of desinfektionsmittel.
Different types of desinfektionsmittel
1. Air desinfektionsmittel
Air desinfektionsmittel are chemical substances that are capable of disinfecting microorganisms suspended in the air. This type of desinfektionsmittel is generally used to disinfect any aerosol or vapour surface.
2. Alcohol desinfektionsmittel
Alcohol-based desinfektionsmittel is very effective against a wide range of bacteria, though it is generally used to disinfect wet surfaces. This desinfektionsmittel is more effective when combined with distilled water that facilitates diffusion through the cell membrane of microorganisms. Further research has been done and it is found that a higher concentration of ethanol and dodecanoic acid may show effective results under ten minutes. Isopropyl alcohol is the best example of alcohol-based desinfektionsmittel.
3. Hydrogen peroxide-based desinfektionsmittel
It has been found that hydrogen peroxide-based products are safe, green, and sustainable for the environment. This is because they break down into naturally-occurring elements of water and oxygen easily. Some of the RTU products such as Tyco HPX hydrogen peroxide disinfectant can kill all types of germs and bacteria in under one minute. Still, hydrogen peroxide-based desinfektionsmittel are not very popular among users. A high concentration of hydrogen peroxide is unstable and very dangerous.
4. Aldehydes based desinfektionsmittel
This desinfektionsmittel are very effective against the bacteria that cause tuberculosis, yet the concentration of the desinfektionsmittel should be strong enough. Some of the bacteria have found a way to resist aldehyde, which causes asthma and other health problems. So in the present time, glutaraldehyde is also added to the solution.
5. Chlorine-based compounds
Chlorine-based desinfektionsmittel are very effective in killing all types of germs and bacteria. They are very inexpensive and highly reliable in killing viruses in a quick time. However, they are corrosive and can cause discolouration as well as irritation if not used as directed in the user manual. An example of chlorine-based desinfektionsmittel is chlorine sanitiser II which is ideal for use in healthcare settings and food preparation processing.
Things to consider before choosing a desinfektionsmittel
Your priority must be to check whether the desinfektionsmittel you are using can kill the microbes and pathogens. Most of the desinfektionsmittel available are approved by EPA to ensure that they are effective against most of the bacteria.
You should keep in mind that pathogens can be of multiple strains, so desinfektionsmittel should also be certified for that specific strains. Also depending upon the area of usage you should choose a desinfektionsmittel.
2. Kill time
Before you purchase any desinfektionsmittel you should check its kill time of bacteria. The kill time may vary from thirty seconds to five minutes for any desinfektionsmittel. If the kill time of any desinfektionsmittel is more than 10 minutes, then make sure that it stays wet that long. Alcohol base desinfektionsmittel may evaporate before their kill time, so you should always prefer a high concentration of desinfektionsmittel.
As we have seen previously that some of the desinfektionsmittel are dangerous. So before using any type of desinfektionsmittel we should ensure that the material used while manufacturing is not harmful. Some of the desinfektionsmittel have an undesirable odour, whereas some may be toxic. Therefore it is always advised that you should use personal protective equipment (PPE) before using any kind of desinfektionsmittel.
4. Easy handling
Some desinfektionsmittel require multiple usages for an effective result, which may not be feasible always. Whereas some desinfektionsmittel cleans and disinfects in just one step.
Advantages of using a desinfektionsmittel
One of the biggest advantages of using a desinfektionsmittel is that it helps in controlling diseases. Desinfektionsmittel is very effective in killing germs and microorganisms which may not be seen through naked eyes.
Phenolics are a type of desinfektionsmittel that is very good in killing bacteria. This desinfektionsmittel is considered a general-purpose disinfectant effective in killing organic matter and other organisms including mycobacterium.
Desinfektionsmittel is largely inexpensive. A large variety of disinfectants could be found at a cheap price, which is very effective in killing and controlling viruses. Halogen based desinfektionsmittel is used used in medical areas, where equipment are contaminated with blood. Examples of desinfektionsmittel are hypochlorite and ordinary bleach.
Desinfektionsmittel is also effective in treating wounds. Alcohol-based desinfektionsmittel is used for treating skin and wounds against bacterial infections. They are generally used to clean the surface of wounds on the body. They are also mixed with water and then used, this increases the effectiveness of the desinfektionsmittel. Examples of alcohol-based desinfektionsmittel are isopropyl alcohol and ethyl alcohol.
The disadvantage of using a desinfektionsmittel
Desinfektionsmittel use could be hazardous to health. They contain harmful compounds. We could find that most of the desinfektionsmittel contain an excessive amount of halogenated compounds. The halogenated compound is hard to dispose of as ordinary waste, so it is harmful to our environment. An example of a toxic and hazardous disinfectant is amyl phenol.
The excessive use of desinfektionsmittel may cause irritations. Some of the desinfektionsmittel with high concentration could be harmful to humans. Some of the desinfektionsmittel are used to kill the bacteria of crops and other microorganisms. Glutaraldehyde is a desinfektionsmittel used to kills the bacteria on crops and vegetables.