There are a lot of people who came up with philosophies, experiments, research, redesigning of thoughts, beliefs, and surveys to bring mythologies to certainty right from the beginning of human settlement. Many have contributed for science to study different aspects of nature to prosper mankind.
Today, our world dwells in the home of scientific advancement and it would not have transformed without the contribution of great personalities in history.If you’re curious about these people, we are going to give you a list of the most successful and impactful scientists in history.
Sir Isaac Newton
Sir Isaac Newton was born in 1643 in Woolsthrope, England. He was popular for his law on gravitation. He explained the theory of gravity and gravitation through the invention of calculus and no other principles could explain it. Aside from that, he also explained the theory on tides which occurred through the gravitational pull from the sun, moon, and earth. Newton was also the one who invented the reflecting telescope. His laws can be found in different areas of chemistry, mechanics, and optics. It was in 1705 when he was knighted by Queen Anne with the title Sir.
Louis Pasteur was born in 1822. He was a French chemist, biologist, and microbiologist. He was renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, pasteurization, and microbial fermentation. He had a lot of breakthroughs in the causes and prevention of diseases and his discoveries have saves many lives. He was the one who created the first vaccines for rabies and anthrax and he was also the one who reduced mortality from puerperal fever. Louise Pasteur probably have saved more lives than any other person and his accomplishments and inventions made him a giant genius.
Galileo Galilei was born in1564. He was an Italian astronomer, engineer, and physicist and sometimes described as a polymath as well. He was namedthe father of observational astronomy, the father of the scientific method, the father of modern physics, and the father of modern science.
Galileo made the first telescope to observe stars and planets. He was also the one who discovered the law of pendulum when he watched a chandelier swing in the cathedral of Pisa. Galileo was also the one who discovered that the moon’s surface was not smooth but contains holes and burrows which he called crater. He discovered that Jupiter had 4 revolving moons around it which are named after him. He also proved the statement of Copernicus that the sun is the center of the solar system. Galileo eventually became blind in his old days and he died in 1642.
Marie Curie was born on November 1867. She was a Polish and Naturalized-French chemist and physicist. She conducted pioneering research on radioactivity and was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize. In fact, she was the first person and only woman to win two Nobel Prize in two different sciences which are Chemistry and Physics. Marie Curie was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris and was the first woman to be entombed on her on merits in the Pantheon in Paris in 1995.
Marie Curie was the one who discovered radiation and she helped apply it in the field of X-ray. She invented the first mobile X-ray machine for the injured soldiers. She also invented the pitch-blend. It was the source of radiation in a mixture which is more powerful than thorium or uranium. Marie Curie was referred to as “the mother of atom bomb” because if her invention of radioactive materials. However, she died in 1934 because of radiation poisoning.
Albert Einstein was born in 1879 in Ulm. He was a German-born theoretical physicist who was known to have developed the theory of relativity which is one of the two pillars of modern physics along with quantum mechanics. Albert Einstein was one of the greatest revolutionary scientists the world has ever known. He was referred to as the “Man of Century” because of his spectacular works in physics, which also made him the father of modern physics.
He was the one who made the world’s most famous equation E=mc2. His theory of relativity revolutionized physics and challenged the scientists at CERN. His genius mind had caused immeasurable change to the world. Albert Einstein was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1921 for his for his discovery of the Photoelectric effect that formed the basis of Quantum Theory. He died on 1995 in Princeton.
Charles Darwin was born on February 12, 1809. He was an English biologist, geologist, and naturalist who was best known for his contributions to the science of evolution. His theory of evolution was developed against a backdrop of disbelief and skepticism.According to his theory, all species of life have descended over time from common ancestors.Charles Darwin Collected evidence over 20 years. His observations were published in the 500-page book titled “On the Origin of Species” in 1859. Though it wasn’t widely accepted until the 1930’s, his theory of natural selection as well as his ideas on evolution have survived largely intact.
Nikola Tesla was born in1856 in the Austrian Empire. He was a Serbian-American inventor, engineer, and futurist who is best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current electricity supply system. Nikola Tesla is credited with a lot of patents from electricity to radio transmission. He also played a key role in the development of modern electricity. He made the first hydroelectricity plant in Niagara Falls, and he did experiments with cryogenic engineering, built transistors and radio wave recorder from outer space. He created revolution with his inventions. However, he tragically died in a hotel room in 1943.
Archimedes of Syracuse was born in 287 BC. He was a Greek physicist, engineer, mathematician, inventor, and astronomer. He was one of the finest scientists who broke through in both theories and practice. He was the one who introduced infinitesimals and laid the foundation for calculus. He was also the one who discovered the laws of lever, density, fluid equilibrium, and buoyancy in various fields of statistics and hydro statistics. Most of his works were burned in the museum of Alexandria but the remnants gave enough ideas for modern day science and technology.
Michael Faraday was born on September 1791. He was a British scientist and he contributed to the study of electromagnetism and electrochemistry. He invented the electric motor and Faraday’s ring. He also published research papers about optical deceptions, condensation of gases, and isolation of benzene from gas oils. He also published books titled “Chemical History of the Candle” and “Experimental Researches in Electricity”.He was also the one who discovered Carbon and Chlorine.
Sir Alexander Fleming
Sir Alexander Fleming was born in 1881. He was a Scottish physician, microbiologist, and pharmacologist. He was famous for his discoveries such as the enzyme lysozyme in 1923, and the world’s first antibiotic substance benzyl penicillin or Penicillin G in 1928. He won a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Howard Foley and Ernst Boris Chain.He had written many articles on immunology, chemotherapy, and bacteriology.
Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev was born in 1834. He was a Russian chemist and inventor who formulated the Periodic Law and created a farsighted version of the Periodic Table of Elements which is still being used today. He used it to correct the properties of some of the already discovered elements, and as well as to predict the properties of eight elements yet to be discovered. He also wrote the Principles of Chemistry which is a classic textbook for many decades.
Ernest Rutherford was born in 1871. He was a British physicist who came to be known as the father of Nuclear Physics. He discovered the concept of radioactive half-life, the radioactive element radon, and the differentiated and named alpha and beta radiation. He was awarded with a Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements and the chemistry of radioactive substances. This made him the first Canadian and Oceanian Nobel laureate.
These are some of the most successful and impactful scientists in history. The names of these people are engraved in the sands of time because of their work in the welfare of mankind. They are the ones who have come up with various inventions and researches which made our modern lives easy.