The Three Types Of Eye Doctors


To maintain good eyesight, we need to address when we are having trouble, and the key is to go to the right kind of eye doctor. That’s right, there’s more than one type of eye doctor. They are ophthalmologists, opticians, optometrists — each of whom plays a highly important role in providing eye care to patients. The levels of training and expertise of each of these doctors have been different and tend to specific care. 

If you are interested in pursuing a career in this field, consider a MD program to get started in your medical journey. Read on to understand the differences between the 3 types of eye doctors. 

1. Ophthalmologist

An ophthalmologist is an Eye M.D who is a medical or osteopathic physician specializing in eye care and vision. Ophthalmologists are doctors who have completed college, with at least 8 years of additional training in medicine. An ophthalmologist as a result is licensed and has the expertise to prescribe medicine or conduct surgery. These doctors are great at treating all forms of eye diseases, prescribing and fitting eyeglasses as well as contact lenses to ensure good vision in their patients. They are also trained to perform eye surgeries. Many ophthalmologists are engaged in scientific research to find out the cures and causes for vision disorders or eye diseases. 

Some Eye M.D.s also specialize in a certain area of surgical or medical eye care. They are referred to as subspecialists. They usually complete an additional one or two years of training, mostly in the form of a fellowship in any one of the subspecialties like retina, cornea, glaucoma, pediatrics, plastic surgery, or neurology. These doctors are capable of handling more complex conditions in certain parts of the eye. 

2. Optometrist

Optometrists are healthcare professionals who provide vision care, eyesight testing, diagnosis, treatment, and management of vision-oriented problems. An optometrist is not a medical doctor. They receive their Doctor of Optometry (OD) degree after they finish 4 years of optometry school. This is preceded by 3 or more years of a college education. Optometrists are licensed to practice optometry — including eye examinations, vision tests, prescribing corrective lenses, detecting eye abnormalities if any, and prescribing medicines for some eye problems. 

3. Optician

Opticians are primarily technicians who are trained to verify, design, and fit eyeglasses (frames + lenses), contact lenses, as well as other devices that aid to correct eyesight. Opticians use the prescriptions issued by optometrists or ophthalmologists. They, however, do not test vision, nor do they write prescriptions. Opticians are also not permitted to diagnose and treat eye conditions or diseases. 

Human beings often overlook how important vision is and how much we are dependent on them. Without our ability to work, drive, play or even recognize a face can drastically affect our physical and emotional well-being which is why it is all the more important to get your eye fully tested by the age of 40. Many health factors can cause eyesight problems, including diabetes or high blood pressure.

Share this

Must Read

How Was Beer Made in the 18TH Century?

Imagine you're a brewer in the 18th century, tasked with turning simple ingredients into a satisfying pint. You'd start with barley, soaking and germinating...

Effective Employee Payroll Management for Your Business

Payroll processing is an essential responsibility of any business organization, which involves the payment of employee’s wages or salaries and other emoluments. Payroll management...

Expert Tips From A Professional Plumber: Ensuring A Leak-Free Home

It is essential to preserve the integrity of your property and guarantee the comfort of your family by maintaining a leak-free home. As a...


How Was Beer Made in the 18TH Century?

Imagine you're a brewer in the 18th century, tasked with turning simple ingredients into a satisfying pint. You'd start with barley, soaking and germinating it before drying it in a kiln to preserve essential enzymes. Next, you'd mash the malted barley in hot water to extract the sugars, setting the stage for fermentation. Boiling the wort with hops would add...

Adolphus Busch: The Visionary Behind Beer Powerhouse Anheuser-Busch

Adolphus Busch was born on July 10, 1839, in Kastel, Germany, and later immigrated to the United States in 1857. His journey to becoming a brewing magnate began when he joined the E. Anheuser & Co. brewery in St. Louis, Missouri, which was owned by his father-in-law, Eberhard Anheuser. With a keen business acumen and innovative spirit, Busch quickly...

The Story Behind the Famous “King of Beers” Slogan for Budweiser

Budweiser is a prominent name in the beer industry, known for its iconic slogan "King of Beers." This slogan has an interesting history that reflects the brand's journey in the United States. German immigrant Adolphus Busch arrived in the country in 1857 and later married Lilly Anheuser. He began working at his father-in-law's brewery, which would eventually become Anheuser-Busch. By...

Recent articles

More like this