Common Orthodontic Issues: The Definitive Guide


Did you know around 15% of the U.S. population has some sort of orthodontic issue? That means millions of people in the United States are dealing with misalignments and malocclusions that must be corrected.

Orthodontics is a field of dentistry focused on diagnosing, preventing, and treating irregularities in the alignment of teeth and jaws. This industry has been around since the early 19th century and has grown substantially over the years with the development of advanced technology. According to Statista, its global market is predicted to reach USD$4.32 billion by 2030. This figure will continue to grow as more people become aware of the importance of improved oral health.

In this definitive guide, we delve deep into the world of orthodontics, shedding light on the most common issues individuals encounter. Whether you’re considering orthodontic treatment, in the midst of it, or simply curious about the intricacies of dental alignment, this comprehensive resource will serve as your compass. 

What are the Most Common Orthodontic Issues?


You may hear much about dental crowding, one of the most widespread orthodontic complications. It occurs due to insufficient space inside the jaw for all teeth to fit in properly. Crowding can lead to bacteria buildup that causes plaque and tooth decay, as well as difficulty with oral hygiene when brushing or flossing.


This is the opposite of crowding and results in gaps between teeth. It is usually caused by missing teeth or teeth that haven’t erupted from the gum line. Inadequate spacing between teeth can cause several issues, including accumulating food particles and bacteria, heightened susceptibility to cavities, and even headaches.

Overbite or Deep Bite

An overbite is when the front upper teeth overlap with the lower ones, resulting in a “buck tooth” appearance. It can be caused by thumb-sucking during childhood or genetics. If not corrected, it can lead to gum inflammation, jaw pain, and difficulty biting or chewing.


Underbite, often referred to as a Class III malocclusion, happens when your lower front teeth protrude beyond your upper front teeth when your mouth is closed. If not treated, this can lead to difficulties in speaking and chewing and even cause facial asymmetry over time.


A crossbite occurs when your upper teeth sit inside your lower teeth when you bite down, contrary to the normal overlapping position. This misalignment can involve a single tooth or multiple teeth and can affect either the front or the sides of the mouth.

For a comprehensive teeth evaluation, you may visit an orthodontist in Arlington, VA, like Kumra Orthodontics. Their 15 years of experience, cost-effective services, and attention to detail make them ideal for orthodontic needs. In other words, you can count on them to give you the best orthodontic care.

What are Potential Treatment Options for Orthodontic Issues?


Traditional braces consist of metal or ceramic brackets bonded to the teeth and connected with wires. They apply gentle pressure to move the teeth gradually into their correct positions. This tried-and-true method has successfully transformed countless smiles over the years.

Clear Aligners

Clear aligners, like Invisalign, offer a discreet and comfortable alternative to braces, especially for milder cases of misalignment. These removable and virtually invisible trays fit snugly over your teeth, gradually guiding them into their desired alignment. They are a popular choice for those who prefer a less conspicuous orthodontic treatment.

They are a popular choice for those who prefer a less conspicuous orthodontic treatment. Invisalign price, however, can be a hurdle so read the hyperlinked article by Dr. Rodrigo Viecilli, DDS, PhD, a Professor, to better understand it.


Retainers are custom-made appliances designed to maintain teeth in their proper positions after orthodontic treatment. They come in various forms, including removable wires or plastic trays that fit over the top or bottom jaw. Retainers play a crucial role in ensuring that your teeth stay aligned after braces or clear aligner treatment.

iTero 3D Scanner

The iTero 3D scanner represents innovative imaging technology in orthodontics. It uses digital scans of the teeth to create precise 3D images. Orthodontists utilize these images for accurate diagnosis and treatment planning. This technology enhances the efficiency and effectiveness of orthodontic care.

Headgear and Face Masks

In more severe cases of overbites and underbites, orthodontists may incorporate headgear or facemasks alongside braces. These devices help guide jaw growth and alignment, ensuring that the bite functions correctly and aesthetics are improved.

Palatal Expanders

Palatal expanders are used to correct crossbites. They widen the upper jaw, creating sufficient space for proper teeth alignment. This treatment is particularly effective for addressing issues related to the width of the dental arch.

Tooth Extraction

In situations of severe crowding or misalignment, tooth extraction may be necessary. By removing specific teeth, orthodontists create the space needed for the remaining teeth to move into their correct positions. It’s a strategic approach to achieve optimal alignment.


For complex cases of malocclusion, corrective surgery may be recommended. This surgical procedure typically involves reshaping the jawbone to achieve better alignment and function. It is considered when other orthodontic treatments are insufficient to address the issue comprehensively.

Each of these treatment options has its unique advantages and is tailored to specific orthodontic needs. Your orthodontist will evaluate your case thoroughly and recommend the most suitable treatment plan to help you achieve the smile you desire and maintain excellent oral health.


Orthodontic issues can significantly impact your dental health and overall quality of life. Identifying them early and taking corrective measures can help maintain optimal oral health. Thus, it is essential to seek advice from a professional orthodontist to determine the best treatment plan for your needs. Let your smile shine, and be confident with the help of an expert orthodontist. Remember – healthy teeth can last a lifetime!

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