The Different Types of Rainbows

Double Rainbow

Saying that rainbows are beautiful natural phenomena is an understatement. No matter how many times we’ve seen them, they still never fail to amaze us every time they appear. Rainbows are something special, not just because of sentimental reasons. They are optical illusions similar to a mirage – when the light rays … Read more

What Are the Effects of Water Scarcity on Future Generations?

What Are the Effects of Water Scarcity on Future Generations

Even though the world consists of 70% water, only 3% of it is freshwater, of which only one third is available for use. The remaining two-thirds are tucked in ice caps. However, the abundance of water in the sea, river, and water bodies beguiles us into thinking that it is an infinite … Read more

The Interesting History of Hydraulics

Hydraulic pipes

Hydraulics is an applied science and technology that uses chemistry, engineering, and other sciences that involve the use of liquids and mechanical properties. At a basic level, hydraulics is the liquid counterpart of pneumatics which refers to gases. The theoretical foundation for hydraulics is provided by fluid mechanics. It focuses on the … Read more

What is Aposematic Coloration?

A brightly colored frog

When we start studying nature, a lot of strange and intriguing aspects come to light. There are so many signals, signs, and all sorts of factors that help animals, plants, and insects to survive and continue their life cycle.  For instance, many birds have a sort of auditory signal to warn their … Read more

Who was Alan Turing?

Passport photo of Alan Turing at age 16

Alan Mathison Turing was a British mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, and former resident of Ennismore Avenue, Guildford. Alan Turing’s hard work had made him one of the greatest figures of the 20th century. Alan Turing made remarkable contributions in mathematics, cryptanalysis, logic, philosophy, and mathematical biology. Also, he played his role in new … Read more

The Profile of Augustin-Louis Cauchy

Cauchy around 1840. Lithography by Zéphirin Belliard after a painting by Jean Roller.

Baron Augustin-Louis Cauchy was a French engineer, mathematician, and physicist born in 1789. He is known for making and pioneer several contributions to the field of mathematical analysis and continuum mechanics. Additionally, he was the first one to prove calculus theorems and almost singlehandedly founded the complex study of permutation groups in … Read more

Profile of Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking sitting in a wheelchair.

Stephen Hawking is a name that almost everyone in the science community is familiar with. His work has been revolutionary in theoretical physics, changing the way scientists see the history of the universe. He is also responsible for the huge strides made by the scientific community towards having a better understanding of … Read more

The Profile of Anders Celsius

Headshot of Anders Celsius

Born in 1701, Anders Celsius was a Swedish astronomer, mathematician, and physicist. He is known for his many notable observatories in France, Italy, and Germany. He is also the founder of the Uppsala Astronomical Observatory and proposed the Centigrade temperature scale in 1742. The observations and contributions of Anders Celsius continue to … Read more

The Profile of Georg Ohm

Georg Simon Ohm

George Simon Ohm was a German physicist and mathematician born in 1789.  Serving as a school teacher, Simon began his research on the new electrochemical cell, which was invented by an Italian scientist Alessandro Volta.  As a result, he came up with his own equipment, which led to one of the most … Read more

The Profile of Amadeo Avogadro

Amadeo Avogadro 1856

Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo Avogadro, Count of Quaregna and Cerreto was an Italian scientist born in 1776. He is mostly known for his contribution to molecular theory, which is now known as Avogadro’s Law. Initially, his theory did not receive any attention but later on, it caught up with the scientists of … Read more

The Profile of Henry Cavendish

Picture and signature of the noted natural philosopher, Henry Cavendish

Henry Cavendish was an English natural philosopher and a theoretical and experimental chemist and physicist. He is mostly known for discovering hydrogen, which is today known as “inflammable air”. Personally, Cavendish was a shy man with great accuracy and precision highlighted in his experiments related to atmospheric air composition, properties of different … Read more

The Profile of James Watt

James Watt, a Scottish inventor and scientist

Born in 1736, James Watt was a Scottish inventor, chemist, and mechanical engineer. He was one of the most acclaimed individuals of his time mostly credited for improving Thomas Newcomen’s 1712 Newcomen steam engine and coming up with his Watt steam engine in 1776.  The Watt steam engine was fundamental to the … Read more

The Profile of William Herschel

William Herschel01

Frederick William Herschel mostly known as William Herschel was a German astronomer and composer of music. He migrated to Great Britain in 1757 when was nineteen. William Herschel was known for many scientific achievements such as constructing the first large telescope in 1774. He spent many years surveying the sky and stars.  … Read more

The Profile of Daniel Bernoulli

Portrait of Daniel Bernoulli, around 1720-1725

Born in 1700, Daniel Bernoulli was a Swiss mathematician and physicist. He belonged to the Bernoulli family from Basel and was amongst the family’s most prominent mathematicians. He is known for his applications of mathematics to mechanics especially fluid mechanics and pioneering work in statistics and probability.  The Bernoulli principle is also … Read more

The Profile of Joseph Fourier

Engraved portrait of French mathematician Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768 - 1830)

Joseph Fourier was born in 1768 and was a French mathematician and physicist. He was best known for initiating the investigation of the Fourier series that later developed into harmonic analysis and Fourier analysis. The application of these series was also used for heat transfer and vibration problems.  Another significant achievement of … Read more

The Profile of Antoine Lavoisier

David - Portrait of Monsieur Lavoisier

Antoine Lavoisier was a French chemist known for the 18th-century chemical revolution. He had a huge influence on the history of chemistry as welal as the history of biology. He is most noted for discovering the role of oxygen in combustion. Additionally, Antoine named oxygen and hydrogen while opposing the phlogiston theory. … Read more

Nintendo Game Boy: Through The Years


Game Boy was one of the biggest innovations in the ’80s and altered the way people play the game. Though it came out on July 31, 1989, a decade after the first handheld game system was introduced, it was remarkably popular due to its durability, cheaper cost, incredible portability, low battery consumption … Read more

What is the Caduceus of Hermes?


You have probably heard about it in medical school, but not really know the story behind it, let alone the symbolism it holds. The Caduceus is rather controversial than a symbolic one. Some argue it is the right symbol to use in medical emblems, whereas other people argue that it has no … Read more

What is the Rod of Asclepius?


You may have already come across this in medical school, perhaps during your science subject wherein it was always associated with the universal medical symbol. It is a rod with a snake coiled around it. But what about its history? And who is Asclepius, by the way? In this article, we will … Read more

The Profile of Leonhard Euler


Leonhard Euler was a Swiss astronomer, physicist engineer, and mathematician. Lauded for being one of the greatest mathematicians in history, Euler throughout his lifetime worked and introduced several important concepts mostly related to mathematics. He is also known for his work in fluid dynamics, mechanics, astronomy, optics and music theory, etc.  According … Read more

1984: When Apple’s Macintosh Said Hello


Over three decades ago, Apple changed the face of the technology industry after it released the Macintosh, the world’s first commercial personal computer, in 1984. Known for many other innovations, the company and its creative team yearned to have a computer meant to be used by “normal individuals in the street” and … Read more

Windows 1.0: The Landmark OS


If you look at the operating system of the computer or laptops in offices, schools, or homes, there’s a high chance you’ll see using iconic Microsoft Windows. It’s no surprise as it holds about 70% of the market share, leaving their closest rivals for a combined 20%. It all began within Windows … Read more

Indisposable Memories: The History of the Disposable Camera


Today, capturing photos is far easier. You get your smartphone from your pocket, go to the camera app, take a picture, and you’re good to post it on Instagram. Yet, things weren’t as straightforward as this before. There was a point in history when pictures were more valued than the camera itself … Read more

The History of Prozac: One of the World’s Most Prescribed Antidepressants


Antidepressants have been widely used to reduce signs of major depressive disorder, panic disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Though these medications are not a cure or permanent treatment, they have been accepted for alleviating symptoms, such as sadness, feelings of helplessness, loss of interest, and even thoughts of suicide. They work by balancing … Read more

Learn About the Greek God Hermes


Known as the herald and messenger of the gods, Hermes gained a reputable image in Greek mythology. This Olympian god of flocks and heralds, travelers and hospitality, thievery and cunning, diplomacy, language and writing, and even astronomy and astrology. Depicted as a handsome, athletic, and beardless youthful lad or a bearded old … Read more

The Profile of John Dalton


John Dalton is one of the most well-known figures of the 18th Century. He was a physicist, chemist, and meteorologist. Throughout this career, Dalton worked on different disciplines such as color blindness, atomic theory, and even atomic laws. His theories and publications regarding atoms are still relevant today and played a huge … Read more

Who is Asclepius?

Michael F. Mehnert

You might have heard his name in the history of medicine, particularly when he’s always being associated with the universal medical symbol. Now, who is Asclepius and what was his influence in the medical field? Why is a mythological creature so relevant in the real world? In this article, we will have … Read more

The Fascinating History and Evolution of the Camcorder


Today, we enjoy sleek, light, fast, and pocket-sized video camcorders that allow us to make vlogs, capture our travel trips, or record any significant life event or occasion. While the tool is pretty impressive, the camcorder is deemed a recent innovation, having only developed in the past few decades. Nevertheless, its technological … Read more

The History of DNA Fingerprinting


DNA Fingerprinting revolutionized the world of science and forensics since its remarkable discovery. Over three decades after its first forensic application, it’s still widely used to pinpoint criminals and free innocents while also transcending into other fields, such as medicine and tracing. A big surprise to many is finding out that its … Read more