Exploring the Important Role of Music in Movies


One of the most critical contributors to the emotional impact of a movie is music. Imagine watching your favorite scene with the sound effects turned off; what a lifeless scene! Remember, the role of music in film is diverse, and often, it is the underestimated department. 

This isn’t just background noise; it’s a powerful tool that filmmakers use to convey emotion, create atmosphere, and engage audiences on a deep, subconscious level. Let’s explore the world of music and how this element greases up other influences behind the scenes of imagination turned into visually real.

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Greatest Movie Scores of All Time

The greatest movie scores of all time are often as memorable as the films themselves, profoundly impacting the viewer’s experience and becoming iconic pieces of cinematic history.  Many have gone on to have their own concert series and have a life of their own.  For example, can you imagine Star Wars with out its iconic music?   Here’s an overview of some of the most celebrated scores:

  1. “Star Wars” (John Williams): Perhaps one of the most recognizable film scores, Williams’ work for the “Star Wars” saga is legendary. The main theme is instantly recognizable and has become synonymous with epic adventure.
  2. “Psycho” (Bernard Herrmann): Herrmann’s score for Alfred Hitchcock’s “Psycho,” especially the screeching strings in the shower scene, is one of the most iconic in horror film history, perfectly enhancing the film’s suspenseful atmosphere.
  3. “The Godfather” (Nino Rota): The hauntingly beautiful score of “The Godfather” trilogy, particularly the “Love Theme,” is widely regarded as a masterpiece, capturing the film’s tragic and operatic essence.
  4. “Jaws” (John Williams): The simple yet terrifying two-note motif of “Jaws” is one of the most effective in film history, creating an atmosphere of impending doom and suspense.
  5. “Schindler’s List” (John Williams): This deeply moving score, particularly the violin solos, captures the emotional weight of the film’s subject matter, contributing significantly to its powerful impact.
  6. “Inception” (Hans Zimmer): Zimmer’s innovative score for “Inception,” especially the track “Time,” is noted for its blend of electronic music with traditional orchestral sounds, creating a deeply immersive and emotional experience.
  7. “Gone with the Wind” (Max Steiner): Steiner’s sweeping score for this classic film is as epic and dramatic as the story itself, epitomizing the grandeur of old Hollywood.
  8. “The Lord of the Rings” (Howard Shore): Shore’s score for the “Lord of the Rings” trilogy is epic in scope and rich in themes, capturing the vast, mythical world of Middle-earth.
  9. “Lawrence of Arabia” (Maurice Jarre): Jarre’s majestic and exotic score is integral to the epic feel of David Lean’s classic film, transporting viewers to the vast deserts of Arabia.
  10. “The Good, the Bad and the Ugly” (Ennio Morricone): Morricone’s iconic score, with its famous coyote-like howls, is a significant part of this spaghetti western’s enduring appeal.
  11. “Titanic” (James Horner): Horner’s emotional and romantic score, including the famous song “My Heart Will Go On,” played a huge role in the film’s monumental success.
  12. “Interstellar” (Hans Zimmer): Zimmer’s score for “Interstellar” is noted for its innovative use of pipe organ, creating a sense of awe and wonder that complements the film’s exploration of space and time.

These scores vary widely in style and genre, but they all share the ability to evoke strong emotions and enhance the storytelling of their respective films. Their enduring popularity is a testament to their quality and the talent of their composers.

The History of Music Evolution in Film and Television Production

Music has played a vital role in enhancing the emotional appeal and storytelling in the film and television industry. Here’s a brief background of how music became an essential element of screen production.

There is no doubt that significant technological developments in audiovisual recording and projection have shaped the history of music in cinema. In the early days of cinema, silent films relied on live music, typically played by a pianist or small ensemble, to accompany the on-screen action. These musicians often improvise, adapting their music to the film’s mood.

In the 1920s, two major companies, Fox and Warner Bros, contributed to the emergence of sound cinema. Both companies have invested in recorders. Since recording, editing, and including sound in a film in sync with the image is possible, it is necessary to do the same with music. However, this was difficult and expensive because the actors had to be on set day and night to record their voices with a full orchestra.

Musical themes taken from famous tunes and songs were replaced with original compositions. It should be noted that the first attempt to write and perform music for films was the “cue sheet,” which was a guide, a tool for the musician to know precisely what to play, how to play it, and in what style. The 1960s and 1970s were marked by innovative film scores, with composers like John Williams (known for “Star Wars,” “Jaws,” and “Indiana Jones”) and Ennio Morricone (famous for his work on Sergio Leone’s spaghetti Westerns) creating iconic and influential soundtracks.

Film and television music continue to evolve, with composers experimenting with different styles to suit the various genres and themes explored in modern film and television. Composers such as Howard Shore (“The Lord of the Rings”) and Alexandre Desplat (“The Grand Budapest Hotel”) are recognized for their contributions to contemporary film scores.

The Importance of Music to Film and Television

Television Production

One of the main functions of music in film is to create mood and an emotional connection with the audience. Whether it’s a suspenseful scene in a horror movie or a romantic moment in a love story, the right music can enhance the impact of images and dialogue. It can make us feel scared, happy, sad, or excited, thereby improving our emotional response to what we see on the screen.

Here’s a summary of what music does for the film:

  • Movement Emphasis
  • Establishment of Time, Location, and Culture
  • Emotional Enhancement
  • Character Development
  • Narrative Presentation
  • Artistic Value

1. Movement Emphasis

In action films, music is crucial for building excitement and tension. It can synchronize with the choreography of fight scenes and car chases, intensifying the visual experience. Music to illustrate movement in film is called “mickey-mousing.” This is a concept popularized by the anime of the same name, in which the characters’ actions are emphasized by strategic sounds that set the stage for those actions. For example, raising the eyebrows is accompanied by a “ping” effect following the movement.

2. Establishment of Time, Location, and Culture

Music also helps establish the time and place of the film. By using specific musical styles or incorporating traditional tunes from a particular culture, filmmakers can transport audiences to another time or place. 

Good music can also be a beacon for certain eras and sometimes even specific days. The choice of music in a film can provide connections to the cultural and historical context of the story. Period-appropriate music or a fusion of different musical styles can help transport the audience to a specific time and place.

3. Emotional Enhancement

One of the most essential roles of music in film is to enhance the audience’s emotional engagement with the story. It can evoke different emotions, such as happiness, sadness, fear, and excitement, often adding to what is happening on screen.

At a critical moment in a love story, the right music can heighten the impact of the images and dialogue. It provokes many emotions, such as happiness, sadness, fear, and excitement, often intensifying what is happening on screen.


4. Character Development

Music can be used to describe individuals in a film. Each character can have a distinct musical theme or motif that reflects their personality, helping the audience identify and connect with them.

 For example, the “Imperial March” in Star Wars strongly connects to Darth Vader. Further, music can evoke emotions and help the audience connect with a character on a deeper level. The choice of music can convey a character’s inner thoughts, struggles, or triumphs. 

5. Narrative Presentation

Additionally, music can act as a narrative device, providing clues and foreshadowing future events.

 Repetitive musical motifs can represent a character or theme, helping the audience identify and connect with them. Sudden changes in music can signal plot changes or create suspense, keeping viewers on edge.

The ideal goal is to make music underline critical moments in a character’s journey, such as a climactic showdown, a revelation, or a moment of self-discovery. The right musical choice can amplify the impact of these scenes.

Music Editing

6. Artistic Value

Selecting or creating music for a work involves artistic decisions and negotiations contribute to the overall artistic value. When done effectively, music in a film or television program contributes to the overall aesthetic unity of the production, making it a cohesive and immersive experience for the audience. Additionally, music can enhance visual effects and action sequences, adding energy and excitement to the spectacle on screen.


The role of music in film is varied and vital to the overall impact of film and television production. It is an influential tool filmmakers and television show crews use to create emotional connections with audiences, enhance storytelling, and create memorable and immersive cinematic experiences to attract and move viewers. So, next time you watch a movie, grab your favorite popcorn, pay attention to the music, and appreciate its contribution to the cinematic experience.

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