How Did the Margherita Pizza Get Its Name?


Pizza, in its many forms, has conquered tables around the world, becoming a universal symbol of joy, community, and delicious simplicity. Among its myriad variants, the Margherita Pizza stands out—a testament to the power of minimalism, its ingredients few but its flavor rich and evocative of its Italian roots. Yet, the story of how the Margherita Pizza got its name is as layered as the dish itself, intertwining royalty, tradition, and a dash of culinary creativity. In the next few sections, we’ll slice into this story, tracing the origins of pizza before zooming in on the birth of the Margherita Pizza, a dish that has left an indelible mark on the world’s culinary landscape.

The Origins of Pizza

Long before pizza became a global phenomenon, it was a simple, rustic meal for the working poor of Italy. Its history is ancient, with various forms of flatbreads being topped with ingredients available to those who had little. In Naples, this culinary tradition took a distinct form in the late 18th century, transforming into what we recognize today as pizza. The city’s bustling streets and vibrant markets became the backdrop for the evolution of this dish, from flatbread with lard and herbs to more elaborate toppings that included tomatoes, brought to Europe from the New World. These innovations set the stage for pizza’s rise from local staple to national treasure.

The story of the Margherita pizza is just one chapter in the long history of this popular dish. How Has Pizza Evolved Over the Centuries? takes you on a journey through time, showing how pizza has changed from a simple meal to the tasty treat we enjoy today.

Naples: The Birthplace of Margherita Pizza

Naples, with its picturesque bay and lively urban spirit, is often hailed as the heartland of pizza. By the 19th century, the city had developed a rich culture around this dish, with “pizzaioli” (pizza makers) honing their craft and creating an array of flavors that reflected the diversity and richness of Neapolitan life. It was here, amid the narrow alleys and bustling piazzas, that the Margherita Pizza would soon be born—a creation that would encapsulate the essence of Italy itself.

Queen Margherita’s Visit to Naples

Queen Margherita's Visit to Naples

The pivotal moment in our story occurs in 1889, during the visit of Queen Margherita of Savoy to Naples. Italy was a young nation, unified in 1861, and the Queen’s tour was part of a larger effort to foster a sense of national identity and pride. Amidst her engagements, Queen Margherita expressed a desire to taste the local cuisine, leading to a culinary event that would forever change the course of pizza history. Chef Raffaele Esposito, renowned for his pizza-making skills, was summoned to prepare something special for the royal palate.

Esposito presented the Queen with three pizzas, but it was his last creation that captured her heart: a pizza topped with the soft white of mozzarella, the green of basil, and the red of tomato sauce. This simple yet elegant combination not only delighted the Queen but also symbolized the colors of the newly established Italian flag.

The Naming of Margherita Pizza

The act of naming the pizza after Queen Margherita of Savoy was not just a gesture of appreciation but a significant moment in culinary history that would forever link this simple dish with Italian national identity. This section of our story begins with Chef Raffaele Esposito, a master pizzaiolo in Naples, who was tasked with creating something truly special for the visiting royalty. Esposito’s creation, a pizza featuring tomatoes, mozzarella, and basil to mimic the Italian flag, was more than just a meal; it was a representation of Italy itself, at a time when the country was newly unified and seeking symbols of national pride.

When Queen Margherita tasted Esposito’s pizza, she was more than pleased; she was impressed by the thoughtfulness behind the ingredients chosen to represent the colors of her country’s flag. Her approval was not just a nod to the dish’s taste but an acknowledgment of its significance as a unifying symbol for Italy. In response to her enthusiasm, Esposito named the pizza “Margherita” in her honor, a decision that would imbue the dish with a sense of royalty and legacy.

The naming of the Margherita Pizza was a pivotal moment that went beyond the culinary realm, entering the social and cultural fabric of Italy. It was an act that bridged the gap between the royal family and the common people, using food as a medium of connection and unity. The royal endorsement not only elevated the status of the pizza but also of pizza makers and the city of Naples itself. It transformed the Margherita Pizza from a local specialty into a national treasure, a dish that carried with it the essence of Italian unity, pride, and craftsmanship.

Margherita Pizza Today

Margherita Pizza Today

Over the decades, Margherita Pizza has transcended its Neapolitan roots to become a global icon of Italian cuisine. Its journey from the bustling streets of Naples to the far corners of the world is a testament to the universal appeal of simplicity, quality, and tradition. Today, Margherita Pizza holds a place of honor in the pantheon of pizzas, celebrated for its straightforward yet perfect blend of flavors that capture the essence of Italian culinary philosophy.

The international popularity of Margherita Pizza has led to countless variations, adapting to local tastes and ingredients while maintaining the core elements that define it. Despite these variations, purists and pizza aficionados strive to preserve the original recipe and cooking methods, advocating for the use of San Marzano tomatoes, mozzarella di bufala, fresh basil, salt, and extra-virgin olive oil. The pizza’s preparation has even been regulated by associations dedicated to preserving traditional Neapolitan pizza-making practices, ensuring that the Margherita’s legacy remains intact for future generations.

In Italy and around the world, the Margherita Pizza continues to be a staple in pizzerias, from high-end restaurants to neighborhood joints. Its enduring appeal lies not only in its taste but also in its story—a dish born from a gesture of goodwill, named in honor of a queen, and embraced as a symbol of national pride. It stands as a reminder of the power of food to convey history, culture, and identity, transcending language and geography to bring people together.


In conclusion, the Margherita Pizza is not just a culinary staple but a symbol of Italian heritage and culture. Its creation, named after Queen Margherita of Savoy, reflects a blend of simplicity, quality, and tradition, encapsulating the essence of Italian cuisine. The pizza’s journey from a local Neapolitan dish to an internationally recognized icon showcases its universal appeal and the importance of preserving culinary traditions. As it continues to be celebrated and adapted around the world, the Margherita Pizza remains a testament to the enduring power of food to convey history, unite cultures, and offer a timeless taste of Italy.

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