A colostomy is a method in which one ending of the large intestine is brought out through a stoma that is present in the abdominal wall. Stools that are going through the intestine evacuate through a stoma inside a bag which is fixed in the abdomen. Colostomies can either be permanent or temporary. They are generally short-term that allows our bowel to relax and cure. Permanent colostomies are requisite when the rectum for bigger areas of the colon is infected. One has to take great care during colostomy for this you can refer colostomy care with ConvaTec, they provide great facilities and take good care. There can be various reasons for a colostomy. Some of them are listed below:-
It is the extension of the small bags in the colon which are susceptible to swelling and contamination. The effects of this in our body are that it causes bellyache, vomiting, and fever. For treating diverticulitis doctors initially recommend proper diet and some antibiotics. But if the disease gets severe one needs to go for surgery. In this case, the pretentious section of the colon is detached from our body and a colostomy is created until it gets cured.
2. Colorectal Cancer
The indications for this cancer are rectal hemorrhage, abdominal suffering, and bowel movements get disturbed as well. In this case, the doctor recommends detaching the affected part of the colon or rectum to treat the symptoms properly, and sometimes doctors would try to reconnect the fit parts of the colon. And when this is not possible doctors go for a colostomy.
3. Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are encompassed in Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). This disease induces breakout of the digestive portion. And the Symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain, fatigue, and rectal bleeding. It is treated by Doctors with the help of medication and diet. Also, it may need surgery to remove part of the colon in case of serious problems.in some cases, it is considered necessary to use a colostomy.
4. Bowel Obstruction
A stoppage that hinders the path of eaten food through the colon is Bowel obstruction. There are so many reasons for bowel obstruction that encompass adhesions, hernias, constipation, adhesions, tumors, difficulties from early abdominal surgery, and colon paralysis. Symptoms also include fever, swelling, and abdominal pain. In severe cases, a colostomy is created and doctors sometimes remove the part of the colon.
5. Trauma Or Injury
Trauma or injury can harshly affect the anus colon or rectum. To repair this injury the Doctors do surgery and other methods. In some cases, it is not probable to revive the work of the colon and the health of the body. In these cases, doctors create colostomy and they may decide to remove all or some pets of these organs. In the case Of less serious injury, a temporary colostomy may be essential.
The above reasons would assist healthcare to determine whether it would be temporary or enduring. Some infections need a temporary rest for the bowel and after that reuniting it. Whereas a permanent colostomy is essential at times when the problem is incurable like cancer in which one has to remove the rectum. Therefore one must go through the reasons for colostomy before having it