A cooling tower allows you to effectively cool a great capacity of coolant at low power intake and do not use refrigerants for this, therefore, they can be measured as an eco-friendly solution. Most industrial processes and air conditioning systems generate heat that must be removed and dissipated. Typically, liquid is used as a transfer medium for heat disposal from industrial heat exchangers.
The Baikal Mechanical company has significant experience in industrial cooling towers. Taking into account requirements and the specifics of the project, you can be offered a solution based on the use of all types of cooling towers:
- open type wet;
- wet closed type;
- natural draft towers;
- dry coolers.
It does not depend whether it’s a new build or cooling tower replacement, it’s important to make sure your system is built to complement your entire HVAC system for improved efficiency and longevity. Baikal Mechanical company will evaluate your current system and design the best hvac cooling towers solution for you. If you are building a new structure, they will work with your architects and engineers to design and install the most energy efficient system possible.
The selection of the cooling tower system is carried out by the design organization or the design department of the enterprise on the basis of the heat engineering calculation performed by the developer-manufacturer of the cooling tower. The choice of a hvac cooling towers can be based on different purposes, namely:
- The enterprise has a circulating water supply system, and the installed one for various reasons is out of order and needs to be replaced;
- At the stage of development of the circulating water supply system, due to an error in the calculation, the initially selected tower does not cope with the task of removing heat. In this case, it is necessary to install an additional cooling tower or replace the existing one with a more powerful one.
Why should the developer do the calculation? Because only he has accurate information about the coefficient of heat and mass transfer, the sprinkler, which is installed in this tower, about the properties of the droplet separator, about the air flow rate (fan characteristic), about the resistance of the cooling tower.
The device and principle of operation of the cooling tower systems
Let’s consider how the prevalent fan cooling towers are arranged. Inside the tower, there is a reservoir where hot aqua from production is supplied, for example, during the generating of electricity at a thermal power station. A large, powerful fan is installed at the top. Its blades rotate, which leads to forced evaporation of water. The resulting steam partly flows back into the tank in the form of condensate, and partly escapes into the ambience. Thus, the liquid is cooled.
Industrial cooling towers are completed with ventilation facilities. The fan is installed on top of the case and is needed for forced blowing of cooled water with atmospheric air. The fan motor terminal box is provided with an additional seal to protect it from any kind of moisture.
There is also a series of highly specialized dry cooling towers including chillers with a flexible configuration system that allows you to fully adapt the installation to your specific project tasks and your business needs. In industrial areas, they are recommended to be installed taking into account the unimpeded supply of fresh air, especially if the structures operate on natural draft. It is also necessary to take into account the Rose of the Winds and the fact that in winter, drops of water and steam move to the side. The installation uses data on the level of humidity and nebula that is characteristic of the region.